Friday, April 25, 2014

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Poophilus costalis Walk. (Hemiptera : Cercopidae) feeding on Asgandh (Withania somnifera) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Poophilus costalis Walk. (Hemiptera : Cercopidae) feeding on Asgandh (Withania somnifera) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.

Pankaj Oudhia

Introduction

Entomophagy and Entomotherapy are well known in Asia since generations. Unfortunately not much work has been done to document valuable Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about Insects. Pankaj Oudhia is documenting this knowledge since year 1990. The present note is updated version of his previously published online research document available through pankajoudhia.com.
Keywords: Entomophagy; Entomotherapy; Medicinal Insects; Ayurveda; Chhattisgarh;

Poophilus costalis is a polyphagus insect. In Chhattisgarh, it commonly attacks on Rice and Sorghum. According to the traditional healers of Southern Chhattisgarh, this insect also attacks on Asgandh (Withania somnifera) in wild. In cultivated fields of Asgandh, in Chhattisgarh Plains I have yet not seen its infestation. The traditional healers of Southern Chhattisgarh use the Poophilus costalis feeding on Asgandh as medicinal insect. Through the Ethno-entomological surveys conducted in different parts of Chhattisgarh, particularly in Southern Chhattisgarh, I have collected some important information on traditional medicinal uses of this insect. According to the traditional healers, they are aware of its promising aphrodisiac properties since generations. As aphrodisiac, it is used both internally as well as externally. The full fed bugs are used both in fresh and dry form. Internally, it is used in dry form. The freshly collected bugs are dried in shade and converted into powder. The powder is added in popular herbal combinations used as aphrodisiac, as main ingredient. The healers informed that most of the formulations are incomplete without this insect powder. You will be surprised to know that Asgandh herb is not added in these formulations. Few healers are in favour of its use alone but most of the healers use it in combination with medicinal herbs. They explained that the Tasir (Nature) of this powder is hot and if used alone, in majority of the cases it can cause harms. The presence of medicinal herbs in the formulations helps in nullifying the harmful effects. They further informed that this insect powder nullifies the harmful effects of many herbs also. Externally, the freshly collected full fed bugs are used in form of special oil. The bugs are dipped in Sarson (Mustard seed) oil upto forty days. During this period, the solution is kept under sunlight. After forty days, the solution is filtered and special oil is collected. This special oil is used to massage the genitals. Instead of its use in amusement the traditional healers recommend this special oil as medicine, to the patients having poor sexual desire. According to the healers, both internal as well as external uses at a time cure the trouble effectively in very less time. In general, the traditional healers do not disclose this formulation to any one even to their blood relatives. The long queue of the patients clearly indicated the efficacy of this insect powder based medicine. 

[New comments added on April, 2014: In over 1300 Traditional Formulations used for the patients recovering from blood cancer Poophilus is added as important ingredient. I have collected valuable knowledge about this medicinal insect during recent surveys. Poophilus feeding on Withania is considered as Gift of God by the Healers. In areas where it is difficult to find the Healers wait for the Herb vendors and Healers of other regions. It is used as secret ingredient in most the Formulations. In Strychnos based Formulations used for treatment of Gloriosa toxicity Poophilus is added as tertiary ingredient. In Entada based Formulations for managing intense thirst Poophilus is added as nonary ingredient. The Traditional Healers of Odisha and Jharkhand and even of Andhra Pradesh are also aware of its presence in Entada based Formulations. In Ficus based Formulations used for diseases of digestive system Poophilus is added as quinary ingredient. These Formulations are popular among the Healers of young generation. In Cuscuta based Formulations used for treatment of gynecological diseases it is added as senary ingredient, Many times it is added as secondary and quaternary ingredients. The Healers of North Chhattisgarh use this insect in Traditional Formulations used for blood related diseases. For complete Formulations and dosage please visit pankajoudhia.com]


These traditional medicinal uses have not been reported in reference literatures. Also, Poophilus costalis feeding on other hosts has yet not been reported as medicinal insect. As this insect is common in many parts of the world, I am expecting that the information on traditional medicinal uses of Poophilus will be of great use for the researchers around the world.


Thank you very much for reading the article.

Related References
Oudhia, Pankaj and Thakur, B.S. (1996). New record of the leaf beetle on a weed. Current Research 25: 218.
Oudhia, P. (1997) Evaluation of host specificity of Blumea leaf beetle (Chrysolina sp. nr. madrasae Jackoby). Insect Environment. 3 (3): 80.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguali, R.N. (1998). Is Lantana camara responsible for Sal-borer infesttation in M.P.? Insect Environment. 4 (1): 5.
Oudhia, P. (1998). Medicinal insects and spiders. Insect Environment. 4(2): 57-58
Banwarilal and Oudhia P. (1999). Beneficial effects of Allelopathy: I . Crop Production.Indian J. Weed Sci. 31(1&2): 103-105
Oudhia, P. (1999) Effect of some botanicals on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle eggs. Insect Environment. 4(4): 154
Oudhia, P. (1999). Studies on Allelopathy and medicinal weeds in chickpea fields. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter (ICRISAT) 6: 29-33.
Oudhia, P. (1999) Blumea leaf beetle in Chhattisgarh Plains. Insect Environment. 5 (1): 22.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, J. (1999). Outbreak of Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. (Coleoptera ; Chrysomelidae) in Chhattisgarh plains. Insect Environment 5(3): 110-111.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Effects of Total Solar Eclipse on activities of some insects and mites. Insect Environment 5(3): 113-114.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red velvet mite Trombidium sp. (Acari : Trombidiidae) in Chhattisgarh. Insect Environment 5(3): 113.
Oudhia P., Pandey N. and Tripathi R.S. (1999). Allelopathic effects of obnoxious weeds on germination and seedling vigour of hybrid rice. Internaitonal Rice Research Notes (IRRI). 24(2) : 36.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Ganguli RN & Tripathi RS (1999) Gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice as affected by agronomical practices. Insect Environment 4: 123–124.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of nitrogen and water management practices on gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice. Insect Environment 4: 119–120.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Reaction of hybrid rice varieties to gall midge (Orseolia oryzae).. Insect Environment 4 (4): 134.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of different fertility levels on the gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation.. Insect Environment 4 (3): 66-67.
Gupta A., Thakur M.P. and Oudhia P.(2000). Effects of different Homoeopathic drugs prepared from common weeds on radial growth of Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus membranaceus) under in vitro condition. Research on Crops 1(2):255-257.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Studies on host specificity and preference of the metallic coloured Tortoise beetle (Aspidomorpha miliaris F.) Ecol. Env. And Cons. 6(3):357-359.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Effects of leaf extracts on Metallic Coloured Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. Insect Environment 5(4): 165.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Toxic effects of Parthenium leaf extracts on Aspidomorpha miliaris F. and Zonabris pustulata Thunb. Insect Environment 5(4): 168.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, R. N. (1999) Chrysolina madrassae: A potential bio-control agent for Blumea lacera. VIII Biennial Conference of Indian Society of Weed Science held at BHU, Varanasi 5-7 Feb. p 134.
Oudhia,P. (2000).Evaluation of some botanicals against orange banded blister beetle(Zonabris pustulata Thunb.).Crop Research 20(3):558-559
Oudhia,P.(2000).Record of Orange Banded Blister Beetle Zonabris pustulata Thunb.(Coleoptera: Meloidae) on Safed Moosli(Chlorophytum borivilianum).Insect Environment.6(3):138
Oudhia,P.(2000).Effect of some leaf leachates on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle(Chrysolina madrasae Jackoby) Eggs.Indian J. Weed Sci. 32(3&4):206-207.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Traditional medicinal knowledge about green leaf hopper, Nephotettix spp. in Chhattisgarh (India). International Rice Research Notes.25 (3):40
Oudhia, P. (2000). Common housefly Musca nebulo Wiedemann (Diptera: Muscidae) as medicinal insect in Chattisgarh. Insect Environment. 6(1):36-37.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Germination and seedling vigour of kodomillet as affected by Allelopathy of Ipomoea carnea Jacq..Indian J. Plant Physiol. 5(4) NS :383-384.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Pod borer Helicoverpa armigera in Chhattisgarh, India. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter.8:14-15.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Allelopathic research on chickpea seeds in Chattisgarh (India) region: An overview. Ecol. Env. and Cons.7(1):31-34.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Medicinal insects of Kharif crops and weeds of Chattisgarh (India). VII National Science Conference, Bharitya Krishi Anusandhan Samitee, Directorate of Cropping System Research, Meerut, India, 12-14 April.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Record of Aphis craccivora Koch.(Hemiptera: Aphididae) on medicinal crop Mucuna pruriens L. in Chhattigarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):24.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Bed Bug Cimex lectularius L.(Hemiptera: Cimicidae) in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):23.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Phyllotreta crucifera Goeze: A new pest of medicinal crop Lepidium sativum L. in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Souvenir cum Abstracts. National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, ‘The Herbal State’. Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI) and Chhattisgarh Minor Forest Produce (Trading & Dev.) Co-operative Fedration Ltd., Raipur (India), 13-14 December, 2001. p.74.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Improved cultivation practices for medicinal crops: glimpses of research of farmers' fields in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Oudhia P, editor. Souvenir-cum-abstracts. National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI), 13-14 December 2001. p 44.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Evaluation of Allelopathic effects of some fruit tree leaf extracts on emergence and seedling vigour of Lathyrus var.Biol-212.Legume Res. 24(3):207-208.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Germination and seedling vigour of wheat as affected by allelopathy of some obnoxious weed.Agric.Sci.Digest. 21(4):275-276.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Phyto-sociological studies of rainy season wasteland weeds with special reference to Parthenium hysterophorus L. in Raipur (India) district. Asian Jr. of Microbiol. Biotech & Env. Sc.3(1-2):89-92.
Oudhia, P. (2001). My experiences with world’s top ten Indian medicinal plants: Glimpses of research at farmer’s field in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Abstract. Workshop cum Seminar on Sustainable Agriculture for 21st Century, IGAU, Raipur, India, 20-21 Jan.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about common insects and mites in India. Eco. Env and Consv. 8(4):339-340.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Rice-Acorus intercropping: a new system developed by innovative farmers of Chhattisgarh (India).International Rice Research Notes. Notes. 27 (1):56.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red Ant Oecophylla smaragdina (Fab.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Chattisgarh, India. Insect Environment.8(3):114-115.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Fireflies, Photuris sp.(Coleoptera : Lampyridae)in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment, Vol.8 (1):25
Oudhia, P. (2005). Traditional Knowledge about medicinal insects and mites in Chhattisgarh, India: An overview. International Conference on “Promotion and Development of Botanicals with International Coordination: Exploring quality, safety, efficacy and regulations”. February 25- 26, 2005 Supported by: Drug Information Association, USA Secretariat: School of Natural Product Studies Jadavpur university, Kolkata 700032.)
Costa-Neto, E. M. (2005). Entomotherapy, or the medicinal use of insects.Journal of Ethnobiology, 25(1), 93-114.
Senthilkumar, N., Barthakur, N. D., & Rao, M. L. (2008). Bioprospecting with Reference to Medicinal Insects and Tribes in India: an Overview. Indian Forester, 134(12), 1575-1591.
Kumari, B., & Kumar, S. (2009). An insight into the ethnozoology of Panch Pargana area of Jharkand, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 1(8), 441-443.
Dossey, A. T. (2010). Insects and their chemical weaponry: New potential for drug discovery. Natural product reports, 27(12), 1737-1757.
Horgan, F. G., & Crisol, E. (2013). Hybrid rice and insect herbivores in Asia. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 148(1), 1-19.

Citation
Oudhia, Pankaj (2014). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Poophilus costalis Walk. (Hemiptera : Cercopidae) feeding on Asgandh (Withania somnifera) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version. pankajoudhia.com


Thursday, April 24, 2014

Jatropha Leaf Miner Stomphosistis thraustica Meyrick (Gracillaridae; Lepidoptera) as medicinal insect in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.

Jatropha Leaf Miner Stomphosistis thraustica Meyrick (Gracillaridae; Lepidoptera) as medicinal insect in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.

Pankaj Oudhia

Introduction
Entomophagy and Entomotherapy are well known in Asia since generations. Unfortunately not much work has been done to document valuable Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about Insects. Pankaj Oudhia is documenting this knowledge since year 1990. The present note is updated version of his previously published online research document available through pankajoudhia.com.
Keywords: Entomophagy; Entomotherapy; Medicinal Insects; Ayurveda; Chhattisgarh;

Ratanjot (Jatropha curcas) is a shrub or small tree, native to tropical America and is now naturalized in many parts of India. It is under cultivation as promising petro crop in many parts also. In Chhattisgarh, Jatropha is considered as medicinal herb. The natives and traditional healers have in depth traditional medicinal knowledge about this herb. I have mentioned in previous articles that on the basis of different agro-climatic region, Jatropha Plant types can be categorized according to these regions. Besides Jatropha curcas, many other species also grow naturally in Chhattisgarh. The traditional healers of Chhattisgarh use all parts of Jatropha both internally as well as externally as medicine but according to them there is a limitation in use of its leaves specially in case of internal use. The over or wrong dose results in harmful effects. Since long time, the healers were in search of herbs that can nullify the harmful effects of Jatropha leaves. The increasing infestation of Jatropha Leaf Miner Stomphosistis thraustica in Jatropha is although a bad news for the Jatropha growers but it is good news for the traditional healers utilizing the insect particularly the green coloured larva. The infestation of this insect has been observed by the researchers during 1997-1998 for the first time in Chhattisgarh Plains but the traditional healers using this insect as medicinal insect are aware of its presence since decades, in Chhattisgarh. They claim that this insect is present in almost all Jatropha regions. When this insect started attack on cultivated Jatropha the researchers paid attention on it. Like other pest, they are not thinking on its utilization aspect. They are screening the lethal insecticides and ways to dump it in crop fields for its control. During the ethnobotanical surveys conducted in different parts of Chhattisgarh, I have noted that the traditional healers of Chhattisgarh Plains are using Jatropha Leaf Miner as medicinal insect more commonly than the healers of other regions. The larvae collected just before the pupation is considered best for the preparation of medicine. The newly borne larvae are not used. After the collection of Larvae, it is dried in shade and after drying it is converted into dry powder and kept for future use. The traditional healers use this powder internally as Galactgoggue. The powder is given internally with lukewarm water in order to increase the flow of milk in lactating women. Many healers use the decoction of powder to get more promising effects. The use of powder gives more promising results as compared to the Jatropha leaves, the healers claimed. Its use also reduces the duration of treatment. The traditional healers of Southern Chhattisgarh use the larvae in treatment of common fever. For the preparation of medicine they dry the larvae in moon light and converted it into powder. This powder is taken internally in combination with other herbs mainly Kalmegh (Andrographis paniculata). According to the healers, in herbal combination, the larvae powder plays an important role. The traditional healers are in search of new uses of Jatropha Leaf Miner. I am in regular contact with these healers. You will get more details in coming articles.

[New comments added on April, 2014: Through recent surveys I have collected new information about medicinal uses of Stomphosistis collected from Jatropha. The Traditional Healers of North add it as secondary ingredient in Traditional Formulations used for treatment of kidney diseases whereas the Healers of South Chhattisgarh use it as nonary and senary ingredients in Formulations for Kidney diseases. In combination with wild flowers Stomphosistis is used in form of decoction to treat kidney pain. Many Healers claim that they add it as important ingredient in Formulations used for management of Renal Calculi specially for its prevention. I have documented information about over 65 Formulations in which it is used with Medicinal Rice Tenduphool based Formulations. When Kodomillet based Formulations are used for treatment of Obesity Stomphosistis is added as octonary ingredient. In Sida based Formulations for Liver diseases it is added as tertiary ingredient. The Healers of Odihsa are also aware of its medicinal uses but I have noted that the Formulations having it are used less frequently by them, The Healers of Jharkhand are also aware of this medicinal insect. In treatment of Mirgi i.e. Epilepsy they use Butea and Mitragyna based Formulations. In these Formulations Stomphosistis is added as fresh ingredient. In Formulations used for treatment of Vitex Toxicity it is added as key ingredient. Many Healers informed about its possible use in management of long term Datura Toxicity. For complete Formulations and dosage please visit pankajoudhia.com ]


The herb collectors of Chhattisgarh informed me that many other insect species infest the Jatropha plants and few healers are aware of the medicinal properties of these insects. I am trying my best to meet these healers and document the traditional knowledge. The infestation of Jatropha Leaf Miner is reported in many parts of India but the researchers have not focused their studies on utilization aspect of this so called problematic insect. Through this article I would like to request the researchers to come forward and start research on this important aspect after meeting with the traditional healers of their regions.


Thank you very much for reading the article.

Related References
Oudhia, Pankaj and Thakur, B.S. (1996) New record of the leaf beetle on a weed. Current Research 25: 218.
Oudhia, P. (1997) Evaluation of host specificity of Blumea leaf beetle (Chrysolina sp. nr. madrasae Jackoby). Insect Environment. 3 (3): 80.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguali, R.N. (1998). Is Lantana camara responsible for Sal-borer infesttation in M.P.? Insect Environment. 4 (1): 5.
Oudhia, P. (1998). Medicinal insects and spiders. Insect Environment. 4(2): 57-58
Banwarilal and Oudhia P. (1999). Beneficial effects of Allelopathy: I . Crop Production.Indian J. Weed Sci. 31(1&2): 103-105
Oudhia, P. (1999) Effect of some botanicals on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle eggs. Insect Environment. 4(4): 154
Oudhia, P. (1999). Studies on Allelopathy and medicinal weeds in chickpea fields. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter (ICRISAT) 6: 29-33.
Oudhia, P. (1999) Blumea leaf beetle in Chhattisgarh Plains. Insect Environment. 5 (1): 22.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, J. (1999). Outbreak of Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. (Coleoptera ; Chrysomelidae) in Chhattisgarh plains. Insect Environment 5(3): 110-111.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Effects of Total Solar Eclipse on activities of some insects and mites. Insect Environment 5(3): 113-114.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red velvet mite Trombidium sp. (Acari : Trombidiidae) in Chhattisgarh. Insect Environment 5(3): 113.
Oudhia P., Pandey N. and Tripathi R.S. (1999). Allelopathic effects of obnoxious weeds on germination and seedling vigour of hybrid rice. Internaitonal Rice Research Notes (IRRI). 24(2) : 36.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Ganguli RN & Tripathi RS (1999) Gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice as affected by agronomical practices. Insect Environment 4: 123–124.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of nitrogen and water management practices on gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice. Insect Environment 4: 119–120.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Reaction of hybrid rice varieties to gall midge (Orseolia oryzae).. Insect Environment 4 (4): 134.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of different fertility levels on the gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation.. Insect Environment 4 (3): 66-67.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Studies on host specificity and preference of the metallic coloured Tortoise beetle (Aspidomorpha miliaris F.) Ecol. Env. And Cons. 6(3):357-359.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Effects of leaf extracts on Metallic Coloured Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. Insect Environment 5(4): 165.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Toxic effects of Parthenium leaf extracts on Aspidomorpha miliaris F. and Zonabris pustulata Thunb. Insect Environment 5(4): 168.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, R. N. (1999) Chrysolina madrassae: A potential bio-control agent for Blumea lacera. VIII Biennial Conference of Indian Society of Weed Science held at BHU, Varanasi 5-7 Feb. p 134.
Oudhia,P. (2000).Evaluation of some botanicals against orange banded blister beetle(Zonabris pustulata Thunb.).Crop Research 20(3):558-559
Oudhia,P.(2000).Record of Orange Banded Blister Beetle Zonabris pustulata Thunb.(Coleoptera: Meloidae) on Safed Moosli(Chlorophytum borivilianum).Insect Environment.6(3):138
Oudhia,P.(2000).Effect of some leaf leachates on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle(Chrysolina madrasae Jackoby) Eggs.Indian J. Weed Sci. 32(3&4):206-207.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Traditional medicinal knowledge about green leaf hopper, Nephotettix spp. in Chhattisgarh (India). International Rice Research Notes.25 (3):40
Oudhia, P. (2000). Common housefly Musca nebulo Wiedemann (Diptera: Muscidae) as medicinal insect in Chattisgarh. Insect Environment. 6(1):36-37.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Germination and seedling vigour of kodomillet as affected by Allelopathy of Ipomoea carnea Jacq..Indian J. Plant Physiol. 5(4) NS :383-384.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Pod borer Helicoverpa armigera in Chhattisgarh, India. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter.8:14-15.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Medicinal insects of Kharif crops and weeds of Chattisgarh (India). VII National Science Conference, Bharitya Krishi Anusandhan Samitee, Directorate of Cropping System Research, Meerut, India, 12-14 April.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Record of Aphis craccivora Koch.(Hemiptera: Aphididae) on medicinal crop Mucuna pruriens L. in Chhattigarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):24.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Bed Bug Cimex lectularius L.(Hemiptera: Cimicidae) in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):23.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Phyllotreta crucifera Goeze: A new pest of medicinal crop Lepidium sativum L. in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Souvenir cum Abstracts. National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, ‘The Herbal State’. Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI) and Chhattisgarh Minor Forest Produce (Trading & Dev.) Co-operative Fedration Ltd., Raipur (India), 13-14 December, 2001. p.74.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Improved cultivation practices for medicinal crops: glimpses of research of farmers' fields in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Oudhia P, editor. Souvenir-cum-abstracts. National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI), 13-14 December 2001. p 44.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Evaluation of Allelopathic effects of some fruit tree leaf extracts on emergence and seedling vigour of Lathyrus var.Biol-212.Legume Res. 24(3):207-208.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Germination and seedling vigour of wheat as affected by allelopathy of some obnoxious weed.Agric.Sci.Digest. 21(4):275-276.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about common insects and mites in India. Eco. Env and Consv. 8(4):339-340.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Rice-Acorus intercropping: a new system developed by innovative farmers of Chhattisgarh (India).International Rice Research Notes. Notes. 27 (1):56.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red Ant Oecophylla smaragdina (Fab.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Chattisgarh, India. Insect Environment.8(3):114-115.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Fireflies, Photuris sp.(Coleoptera : Lampyridae)in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment, Vol.8 (1):25
Oudhia, P. (2005). Traditional Knowledge about medicinal insects and mites in Chhattisgarh, India: An overview. International Conference on “Promotion and Development of Botanicals with International Coordination: Exploring quality, safety, efficacy and regulations”. February 25- 26, 2005 Supported by: Drug Information Association, USA Secretariat: School of Natural Product Studies Jadavpur university, Kolkata 700032.)
Costa-Neto, E. M. (2005). Entomotherapy, or the medicinal use of insects.Journal of Ethnobiology, 25(1), 93-114.
Senthilkumar, N., Barthakur, N. D., & Rao, M. L. (2008). Bioprospecting with Reference to Medicinal Insects and Tribes in India: an Overview. Indian Forester, 134(12), 1575-1591.
Kumari, B., & Kumar, S. (2009). An insight into the ethnozoology of Panch Pargana area of Jharkand, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 1(8), 441-443.
Dossey, A. T. (2010). Insects and their chemical weaponry: New potential for drug discovery. Natural product reports, 27(12), 1737-1757.
Horgan, F. G., & Crisol, E. (2013). Hybrid rice and insect herbivores in Asia. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 148(1), 1-19.
Citation

Oudhia, Pankaj (2014). Jatropha Leaf Miner Stomphosistis thraustica Meyrick (Gracillaridae; Lepidoptera) as medicinal insect in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version. pankajoudhia.com

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Psilogramma menephron Cr. feeding on Aparajita (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Psilogramma menephron Cr. feeding on Aparajita (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version.

Pankaj Oudhia

Introduction
Entomophagy and Entomotherapy are well known in Asia since generations. Unfortunately not much work has been done to document valuable Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about Insects. Pankaj Oudhia is documenting this knowledge since year 1990. The present note is updated version of his previously published online research document available through pankajoudhia.com.
Keywords: Entomophagy; Entomotherapy; Medicinal Insects; Ayurveda; Chhattisgarh;
According to the reference literatures, Aparajita is a large shrub or small tree, grown as an ornamental. An orange-coloured dye, obtained from the flowers, is used for colouring silk and cotton. Maharshi Patanjali refers to cloth dyed of this flower as Sephalika. The flowers are strong and worn as hair ornaments and necklaces. Aparajita is a well known shrub in Chhattisgarh. For the traditional healers, it is a valuable folk medicine. They use its all parts as medicine both internally as well as externally in treatment of many diseases. Psilogramma menephron caterpillars feed on the leaves of Aparajita. The traditional healers of Chhattisgarh use the full fed caterpillars as medicine. Through the Ethno-entomological surveys conducted in different parts of Chhattisgarh, I have collected many valuable information on this important aspect. The traditional healers use the full fed caterpillars after purification. The objective of purification is to eliminate toxic material from the caterpillars. For purification, the caterpillars are dipped for specific period in herbal solution. The healers do not disclose the contents of the herbal solution. Many healers aware of my on-going documentation work claimed that many bitter herbs and its aqueous extracts are added in the solution as main ingredients. Through the on-going Ethno-entomological surveys I am trying my best to gather more details on this aspect. After purification, the caterpillars are dried and in form of powder stored for future use. The traditional healers of Chhattisgarh specialized in treatment of different types of fever use the caterpillar powder alone and in combination with medicinal herbs in treatment. In treatment of Malarial fever, at initial phase, the traditional healers of Nagri-Sihawa region give the caterpillar powder with Shahad (Honey). In advanced stage, the caterpillar powder is given internally in combination with medicinal herbs. Many times the healers use the insect powder in form of decoction.
[New comments added on April, 2014: Through recent surveys I have collected information about over 500 Traditional Formulations for fever in which Psilogramma collected from Aparajita is added as important ingredient.  In Tinospora based Formulations it is added as secondary ingredient where as in Mucuna based Formulations for old cases of Malaria it is added as tertiary ingredient. In Cissus based Formulations for new cases of Malarial fever it is added as septenary ingredient.  In Cynodon based Formulations for unexplained fever it is added as secondary ingredient. The patients having Bleeding Piles with such fever are not given these Formulations having Psilogramma. In Shorea based Formulations for Typhoid fever it is added as nonary ingredient. In Dalbergia based Formulations for old fever it is added as octonary ingredient. Many of these Formulations are considered incomplete without Psilogramma. The Healers have many herbal alternatives to Psilogramma but they prefer Psilogramma from all alternatives available. In Blumea based Formulations for puerperal fever it is added as quinary ingredient. In Sterculia based Formulations the Healers add it as senary ingredient. In over 125 Traditional Formulations used for malaria prevention it is added as quaternary ingredient and many times as secondary ingredient. For complete formulations and dosage please visit pankajoudhia.com ]

The traditional healers of Rajnandgaon region informed that the caterpillar powder can be used successfully to flush out the intestinal worms effectively in very less time. As other promising alternatives are available, it is used less commonly. From documentation point of view it is an important information. Although Aparajita and this caterpillar are common in many parts of Chhattisgarh but the healers of other regions are not aware of its medicinal uses. The traditional healers of Chhattisgarh Plains are not aware of its other traditional uses. 

[New comments added on April, 2014: Through recent surveys I have collected information about over 55 Formulations for Vitiligo in which Psilogramma is added as important ingredient. These Formulations are used both internally as well as externally but the internal use is popular among the Healers. In Wattakaka based Formulations for Vitiligo it is added as nonary ingredient whereas in Wood Mushroom, collected from old Tendu trees, based Formulations it is added as tertiary ingredient. ]

In reference literatures, Psilogramma menephron feeding on Aparajita is not mentioned as medicinal insect. The matter of appreciation is that the traditional healers of Chhattisgarh Plains are not only aware of its traditional medicinal uses but also using it in their routine practice. This is good sign. 
Related References
Oudhia, Pankaj and Thakur, B.S. (1996) New record of the leaf beetle on a weed. Current Research 25: 218.
Oudhia, P. (1997) Evaluation of host specificity of Blumea leaf beetle (Chrysolina sp. nr. madrasae Jackoby). Insect Environment. 3 (3): 80.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguali, R.N. (1998). Is Lantana camara responsible for Sal-borer infesttation in M.P.? Insect Environment. 4 (1): 5.
Oudhia, P. (1998). Medicinal insects and spiders. Insect Environment. 4(2): 57-58
Oudhia, P. (1999) Effect of some botanicals on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle eggs. Insect Environment. 4(4): 154
Oudhia, P. (1999) Blumea leaf beetle in Chhattisgarh Plains. Insect Environment. 5 (1): 22.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, J. (1999). Outbreak of Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. (Coleoptera ; Chrysomelidae) in Chhattisgarh plains. Insect Environment 5(3): 110-111.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Effects of Total Solar Eclipse on activities of some insects and mites. Insect Environment 5(3): 113-114.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red velvet mite Trombidium sp. (Acari : Trombidiidae) in Chhattisgarh. Insect Environment 5(3): 113.
Oudhia P., Pandey N. and Tripathi R.S. (1999). Allelopathic effects of obnoxious weeds on germination and seedling vigour of hybrid rice. Internaitonal Rice Research Notes (IRRI). 24(2) : 36.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Ganguli RN & Tripathi RS (1999) Gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice as affected by agronomical practices. Insect Environment 4: 123–124.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of nitrogen and water management practices on gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice. Insect Environment 4: 119–120.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Reaction of hybrid rice varieties to gall midge (Orseolia oryzae).. Insect Environment 4 (4): 134.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of different fertility levels on the gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation.. Insect Environment 4 (3): 66-67.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Studies on host specificity and preference of the metallic coloured Tortoise beetle (Aspidomorpha miliaris F.) Ecol. Env. And Cons. 6(3):357-359.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Effects of leaf extracts on Metallic Coloured Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. Insect Environment 5(4): 165.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Toxic effects of Parthenium leaf extracts on Aspidomorpha miliaris F. and Zonabris pustulata Thunb. Insect Environment 5(4): 168.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, R. N. (1999) Chrysolina madrassae: A potential bio-control agent for Blumea lacera. VIII Biennial Conference of Indian Society of Weed Science held at BHU, Varanasi 5-7 Feb. p 134.
Oudhia,P. (2000).Evaluation of some botanicals against orange banded blister beetle(Zonabris pustulata Thunb.).Crop Research 20(3):558-559
Oudhia,P.(2000).Record of Orange Banded Blister Beetle Zonabris pustulata Thunb.(Coleoptera: Meloidae) on Safed Moosli(Chlorophytum borivilianum).Insect Environment.6(3):138
Oudhia,P.(2000).Effect of some leaf leachates on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle(Chrysolina madrasae Jackoby) Eggs.Indian J. Weed Sci. 32(3&4):206-207.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Traditional medicinal knowledge about green leaf hopper, Nephotettix spp. in Chhattisgarh (India). International Rice Research Notes.25 (3):40
Oudhia, P. (2000). Common housefly Musca nebulo Wiedemann (Diptera: Muscidae) as medicinal insect in Chattisgarh. Insect Environment. 6(1):36-37.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Pod borer Helicoverpa armigera in Chhattisgarh, India. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter.8:14-15.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Medicinal insects of Kharif crops and weeds of Chattisgarh (India). VII National Science Conference, Bharitya Krishi Anusandhan Samitee, Directorate of Cropping System Research, Meerut, India, 12-14 April.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Record of Aphis craccivora Koch.(Hemiptera: Aphididae) on medicinal crop Mucuna pruriens L. in Chhattigarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):24.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Bed Bug Cimex lectularius L.(Hemiptera: Cimicidae) in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):23.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Phyllotreta crucifera Goeze: A new pest of medicinal crop Lepidium sativum L. in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Souvenir cum Abstracts. National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, ‘The Herbal State’. Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI) and Chhattisgarh Minor Forest Produce (Trading & Dev.) Co-operative Fedration Ltd., Raipur (India), 13-14 December, 2001. p.74.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Improved cultivation practices for medicinal crops: glimpses of research of farmers' fields in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Oudhia P, editor. Souvenir-cum-abstracts. National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, The Herbal State, Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI), 13-14 December 2001. p 44.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Evaluation of Allelopathic effects of some fruit tree leaf extracts on emergence and seedling vigour of Lathyrus var.Biol-212.Legume Res. 24(3):207-208.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about common insects and mites in India. Eco. Env and Consv. 8(4):339-340.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Rice-Acorus intercropping: a new system developed by innovative farmers of Chhattisgarh (India).International Rice Research Notes. Notes. 27 (1):56.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red Ant Oecophylla smaragdina (Fab.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Chattisgarh, India. Insect Environment.8(3):114-115.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Fireflies, Photuris sp.(Coleoptera : Lampyridae)in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment, Vol.8 (1):25
Oudhia, P. (2005). Traditional Knowledge about medicinal insects and mites in Chhattisgarh, India: An overview. International Conference on “Promotion and Development of Botanicals with International Coordination: Exploring quality, safety, efficacy and regulations”. February 25- 26, 2005 Supported by: Drug Information Association, USA Secretariat: School of Natural Product Studies Jadavpur university, Kolkata 700032.)
Costa-Neto, E. M. (2005). Entomotherapy, or the medicinal use of insects.Journal of Ethnobiology, 25(1), 93-114.
Senthilkumar, N., Barthakur, N. D., & Rao, M. L. (2008). Bioprospecting with Reference to Medicinal Insects and Tribes in India: an Overview. Indian Forester, 134(12), 1575-1591.
Kumari, B., & Kumar, S. (2009). An insight into the ethnozoology of Panch Pargana area of Jharkand, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 1(8), 441-443.
Dossey, A. T. (2010). Insects and their chemical weaponry: New potential for drug discovery. Natural product reports, 27(12), 1737-1757.
Horgan, F. G., & Crisol, E. (2013). Hybrid rice and insect herbivores in Asia. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 148(1), 1-19.

Citation

Oudhia, Pankaj (2014). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Psilogramma menephron Cr. feeding on Aparajita (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis) in Chhattisgarh, India.  Updated Version. pankajoudhia.com

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Aspidiotus glomeratus (Hemiptera : Diaspididae) feeding on Khas (Vetiveria zizanioides) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Aspidiotus glomeratus (Hemiptera : Diaspididae) feeding on Khas (Vetiveria zizanioides) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version

Pankaj Oudhia

Introduction
Entomophagy and Entomotherapy are well known in Asia since generations. Unfortunately not much work has been done to document valuable Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about Insects. Pankaj Oudhia is documenting this knowledge since year 1990. The present note is updated version of his previously published online research document available through pankajoudhia.com.
Keywords: Entomophagy; Entomotherapy; Medicinal Insects; Ayurveda; Chhattisgarh;

According to the reference literatures, Khas (Vetiveria zizanioides) is a perennial grass under cultivation in many parts of India. Its dried roots are made into aromatic scented mats, fans and ornamental baskets and are also woven into curtains which when moistened, cool and scent the air. An essential oil, obtained from roots, is used in perfumery, cosmetics, soaps and for flavouring Shurbuts. The oil is stimulant, diaphoretic and refrigerant. The grass is also used in manufacture of paper and board. In Chhattisgarh, this grass is also used in manufacture of paper and board. In Chhattisgarh, this grass is well known. The dense forests are rich in natural population of Khas. It grows as wasteland herb in many parts. The natives and traditional healers have in depth traditional medicinal knowledge about this herb. Although the wild population of almost all parts of Chhattisgarh is infested with Aspidiotus but its infestation is remarkably higher in Pendra and Bilaspur region. The traditional healers of these regions use this bug as folk medicine. Through the Ethno-entomological surveys conducted in these regions, I have collected valuable information on different aspects of this medicinal insect. The full fed bugs are used as medicine both internally as well as externally. For externally use the full fed bugs are collected and after drying converted into powder. In combination with Multani Mitti (Fuller's clay) the bug powder is used in form of aqueous paste in treatment of Migraine (Adhasisi). The aqueous paste is applied on affected parts and after drying washed with the help of water. According to the traditional healers, its repeated use helps in reducing the intense headache effectively in very less time. In treatment of painful swellings, the same combination is used. In treatment of painful boils, in this combination, Sida acuta leaves are added. This application absorbs extra heat from boils and suppresses it. The traditional healers of Pendra region informed that this bug powder is a promising blood purifier, if used internally. As other promising herbal alternatives are available, it is used less commonly by the healers. These traditional medicinal uses are very popular among the healers. This popularity clearly indicates its efficacy. The healers are not aware of its other medicinal uses. Through the on-going Ethno-entomological surveys, I am trying my best to gather more information on this important aspect. 
[New comments added on April, 2014: Through recent surveys I have collected information about over 300 Formulations in which Aspidiotus collected from Khas plays vital role. Although this bug is used in Traditional Entomophagy but it is less popular among the natives of young generations. As medicine Aspidiotus is added as secondary ingredient in Vanda, Fumaria, Paspalum, Tridax, Madhuca and Diospyros based Formulations. These Formulations are used internally for treatment of different types of Allergies. The Healers of North Chhattisgarh use Neem and Tribulus based solution to purify the bugs before use. In Ventilago based Formulations used for Osteoarthritis Aspidiotus is added as nonary ingredient. These Formulations are popular among the expert Healers. Old patients with poor vitality are not suggested to take these Formulations. The use of fresh bugs and freshly prepared Formulations are preferred but many Healers store it in bulk for round the year use. In Calotropis based Formulations Aspidiotus is added Septenary ingredients. These Formulations are used externally for treatment old wounds. When host plant Khas is used for treatment of Bleeding Piles these bugs are added in the Formulations in order to make it stronger. For complete Formulations and dosage please visit pankajoudhia.com]



In reference literatures, these traditional medicinal uses have yet not been reported. I personally feel that there is a strong need to conduct a systematic research on these traditional uses so that these can be used for the patients around the world. 


Thank you very much for reading the article.
Related References
Oudhia, Pankaj and Thakur, B.S. (1996) New record of the leaf beetle on a weed. Current Research 25: 218.
Oudhia, P. (1997) Evaluation of host specificity of Blumea leaf beetle (Chrysolina sp. nr. madrasae Jackoby). Insect Environment. 3 (3): 80.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguali, R.N. (1998). Is Lantana camara responsible for Sal-borer infesttation in M.P.? Insect Environment. 4 (1): 5.
Oudhia, P. (1998). Medicinal insects and spiders. Insect Environment. 4(2): 57-58
Oudhia, P. (1999) Effect of some botanicals on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle eggs. Insect Environment. 4(4): 154
Oudhia, P. (1999) Blumea leaf beetle in Chhattisgarh Plains. Insect Environment. 5 (1): 22.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, J. (1999). Outbreak of Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. (Coleoptera ; Chrysomelidae) in Chhattisgarh plains. Insect Environment 5(3): 110-111.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Effects of Total Solar Eclipse on activities of some insects and mites. Insect Environment 5(3): 113-114.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red velvet mite Trombidium sp. (Acari : Trombidiidae) in Chhattisgarh. Insect Environment 5(3): 113.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Ganguli RN & Tripathi RS (1999) Gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice as affected by agronomical practices. Insect Environment 4: 123–124.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of nitrogen and water management practices on gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice. Insect Environment 4: 119–120.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Reaction of hybrid rice varieties to gall midge (Orseolia oryzae).. Insect Environment 4 (4): 134.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of different fertility levels on the gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation.. Insect Environment 4 (3): 66-67.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Studies on host specificity and preference of the metallic coloured Tortoise beetle (Aspidomorpha miliaris F.) Ecol. Env. And Cons. 6(3):357-359.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Effects of leaf extracts on Metallic Coloured Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. Insect Environment 5(4): 165.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Toxic effects of Parthenium leaf extracts on Aspidomorpha miliaris F. and Zonabris pustulata Thunb. Insect Environment 5(4): 168.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, R. N. (1999) Chrysolina madrassae: A potential bio-control agent for Blumea lacera. VIII Biennial Conference of Indian Society of Weed Science held at BHU, Varanasi 5-7 Feb. p 134.
Oudhia,P. (2000).Evaluation of some botanicals against orange banded blister beetle(Zonabris pustulata Thunb.).Crop Research 20(3):558-559
Oudhia,P.(2000).Record of Orange Banded Blister Beetle Zonabris pustulata Thunb.(Coleoptera: Meloidae) on Safed Moosli(Chlorophytum borivilianum).Insect Environment.6(3):138
Oudhia,P.(2000).Effect of some leaf leachates on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle(Chrysolina madrasae Jackoby) Eggs.Indian J. Weed Sci. 32(3&4):206-207.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Traditional medicinal knowledge about green leaf hopper, Nephotettix spp. in Chhattisgarh (India). International Rice Research Notes.25 (3):40
Oudhia, P. (2000). Common housefly Musca nebulo Wiedemann (Diptera: Muscidae) as medicinal insect in Chattisgarh. Insect Environment. 6(1):36-37.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Pod borer Helicoverpa armigera in Chhattisgarh, India. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter.8:14-15.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Medicinal insects of Kharif crops and weeds of Chattisgarh (India). VII National Science Conference, Bharitya Krishi Anusandhan Samitee, Directorate of Cropping System Research, Meerut, India, 12-14 April.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Record of Aphis craccivora Koch.(Hemiptera: Aphididae) on medicinal crop Mucuna pruriens L. in Chhattigarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):24.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Bed Bug Cimex lectularius L.(Hemiptera: Cimicidae) in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):23.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Phyllotreta crucifera Goeze: A new pest of medicinal crop Lepidium sativum L. in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Souvenir cum Abstracts. National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, ‘The Herbal State’. Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI) and Chhattisgarh Minor Forest Produce (Trading & Dev.) Co-operative Fedration Ltd., Raipur (India), 13-14 December, 2001. p.74.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about common insects and mites in India. Eco. Env and Consv. 8(4):339-340.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red Ant Oecophylla smaragdina (Fab.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Chattisgarh, India. Insect Environment.8(3):114-115.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Fireflies, Photuris sp.(Coleoptera : Lampyridae)in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment, Vol.8 (1):25
Oudhia, P. (2005). Traditional Knowledge about medicinal insects and mites in Chhattisgarh, India: An overview. International Conference on “Promotion and Development of Botanicals with International Coordination: Exploring quality, safety, efficacy and regulations”. February 25- 26, 2005 Supported by: Drug Information Association, USA Secretariat: School of Natural Product Studies Jadavpur university, Kolkata 700032.)
Costa-Neto, E. M. (2005). Entomotherapy, or the medicinal use of insects.Journal of Ethnobiology, 25(1), 93-114.
Senthilkumar, N., Barthakur, N. D., & Rao, M. L. (2008). Bioprospecting with Reference to Medicinal Insects and Tribes in India: an Overview. Indian Forester, 134(12), 1575-1591.
Kumari, B., & Kumar, S. (2009). An insight into the ethnozoology of Panch Pargana area of Jharkand, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 1(8), 441-443.
Dossey, A. T. (2010). Insects and their chemical weaponry: New potential for drug discovery. Natural product reports, 27(12), 1737-1757.
Horgan, F. G., & Crisol, E. (2013). Hybrid rice and insect herbivores in Asia. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 148(1), 1-19.

Citation

Oudhia, Pankaj (2014). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Aspidiotus glomeratus (Hemiptera : Diaspididae) feeding on Khas (Vetiveria zizanioides) in Chhattisgarh, India. Updated Version. pankajoudhia.com

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Sonpatha Ke Illi Hyblaea puera (Cramer) [Hyblaeidae : Lepidoptera] in Chhattisgarh, India : Updated Version

Traditional medicinal knowledge about Sonpatha Ke Illi Hyblaea puera (Cramer) [Hyblaeidae : Lepidoptera] in Chhattisgarh, India : Updated Version

Pankaj Oudhia

Introduction
Entomophagy and Entomotherapy are well known in Asia since generations. Unfortunately not much work has been done to document valuable Traditional Medicinal Knowledge about Insects. Pankaj Oudhia is documenting this knowledge since year 1990. The present note is updated version of his previously published online research document available through pankajoudhia.com.
Keywords: Entomophagy; Entomotherapy; Medicinal Insects; Ayurveda; Chhattisgarh;
Sonpatha (Oroxylum indicum (L.) Benth. ex Kurz, family Bignoniaceae) is well known medicinal herb in Chhattisgarh. Its root bark is well known and much esteemed being an ingredient of the Dashamula of Hindu medicine. According to Ayurveda, root bark is acrid, astringent to bowels, cooling, aphrodisiac, tonic, appetizer and useful in biliousness, bronchitis, fevers, intestinal worms, vomiting, dysentery, leucoderma, asthma, inflammations and anal troubles. Its fruits are acrid, stomachic, anthelmintic and good in heart and throat disease, piles, bronchitis etc.
Sonpatha Ke Illi Hyblaea puera is a common insect feeding on Sonpatha. The traditional healers and herb vendors of many parts of Chhattisgarh are aware of many traditional medicinal uses of full fed caterpillars. During the ethno entomological surveys conducted in different parts of Chhattisgarh, I have noted that the traditional healers of Gandai-Salewara and Narharpur region use frequently this insect as medicine. Most of the healers want to conserve this knowledge as secret knowledge. Many healers aware of my on-going documentation work disclosed many uses of this insect. The healers prepare special oil from the caterpillars. To prepare the oil, full fed caterpillars are boiled in base oil and when all watery contents evaporate, boiling is stopped and oil is kept for future use. As base oil Til (Sesame seed) oil is used. Few healers add the herbs with the caterpillars but majority of the healers claimed that the full fed caterpillars are enough to give the desirable effects. The special oil is used externally in treatment of ear related troubles. In treatment of Otorrhea, few drops of oil are applied into the ears. It is considered as one of the promising treatments. The healers also use the oil in form of massage externally in treatment of rheumatic pain. I have observed that many herb vendors sell this special oil to the traditional healers and natives of neighboring states without disclosing its method of preparation. I have tried this oil successfully in treatment of rheumatic pain. The traditional healers have their own criteria to select the potential caterpillars feeding on Sonpatha. The dull caterpillars are considered more promising. According to them, the agile caterpillars loose the valuable medicinal contents. I personally feel that there is a need of systematic research on this aspect in order to find out the scientific explanations. In reference literatures, Hyblaea is not reported as medicinal insect. This research article is a first written document on this important aspect. 
[New comments added on April, 2014: Through recent surveys I have collected information about over 350 Formulations used both internally as well as externally in which the caterpillars are added as important ingredient. Most of the Healers purify the collected caterpillars before using it as medicine. The native Kamar Healers are aware of its food value. Many Healers practicing Traditional Entomophagy are aware of its use with Indigenous Medicinal rice. Adults are also used but not much popular like caterpillars. In many cases when Oroxylum as single remedy fail to give the desired effects these caterpillars are added in the formulations to make it strong.
In Blumea based Herbal Formulations used for blood related diseases Hyblaea is added as secondary ingredient. In Vanda based Herbal Formulations used for treatment of Parkinson ’s disease Hyblaea is added as octonary ingredient. In Chlorophytum based Formulations for vitality Hyblaea is added tertiary ingredient. In Moringa based formulations used for Leucorrhea Hyblaea is added as nonary ingredient. For information on complete Formulations and dosage please visit pankajoudhia.com]


Through the on-going ethnoentomological surveys, I am expecting more information on traditional medicinal uses of Hyblaea puera feeding on Sonpatha. You will find the details in coming articles. 


Thank you very much for reading the article.

Related References
Oudhia, Pankaj and Thakur, B.S. (1996) New record of the leaf beetle on a weed. Current Research 25: 218.
Oudhia, P. (1997) Evaluation of host specificity of Blumea leaf beetle (Chrysolina sp. nr. madrasae Jackoby). Insect Environment. 3 (3): 80.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguali, R.N.(1998). Is Lantana camara responsible for Sal-borer infesttation in M.P.? Insect Environment. 4 (1): 5.
Oudhia, P. (1998). Medicinal insects and spiders. Insect Environment. 4(2): 57-58
Oudhia, P. (1999) Effect of some botanicals on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle eggs. Insect Environment. 4(4): 154
Oudhia, P. (1999) Blumea leaf beetle in Chhattisgarh Plains. Insect Environment. 5 (1): 22.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, J. (1999). Outbreak of Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. (Coleoptera ; Chrysomelidae) in Chhattisgarh plains. Insect Environment 5(3): 110-111.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Effects of Total Solar Eclipse on activities of some insects and mites. Insect Environment 5(3) : 113-114.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red velvet mite Trombidium sp. (Acari : Trombidiidae) in Chhattisgarh. Insect Environment 5(3): 113.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Ganguli RN & Tripathi RS (1999) Gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice as affected by agronomical practices. Insect Environment 4: 123–124.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of nitrogen and water management practices on gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice. Insect Environment 4: 119–120.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Reaction of hybrid rice varieties to gall midge (Orseolia oryzae).. Insect Environment 4 (4): 134.
Oudhia P, Pandey N, Tripathi RS & Ganguli RN (1999) Effect of different fertility levels on the gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation.. Insect Environment 4 (3): 66-67.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Studies on host specificity and preference of the metallic coloured Tortoise beetle (Aspidomorpha miliaris F.) Ecol. Env. And Cons. 6(3):357-359.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Effects of leaf extracts on Metallic Coloured Tortoise beetle Aspidomorpha miliaris F. Insect Environment 5(4): 165.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Toxic effects of Parthenium leaf extracts on Aspidomorpha miliaris F. and Zonabris pustulata Thunb. Insect Environment 5(4): 168.
Oudhia, P. and Ganguli, R. N. (1999) Chrysolina madrassae: A potential bio-control agent for Blumea lacera. VIII Biennial Conference of Indian Society of Weed Science held at BHU, Varanasi 5-7 Feb. p 134.
Oudhia,P. (2000).Evaluation of some botanicals against orange banded blister beetle(Zonabris pustulata Thunb.).Crop Research 20(3):558-559
Oudhia,P.(2000).Record of Orange Banded Blister Beetle Zonabris pustulata Thunb.(Coleoptera: Meloidae) on Safed Moosli(Chlorophytum borivilianum).Insect Environment.6(3):138
Oudhia,P.(2000).Effect of some leaf leachates on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle(Chrysolina madrasae Jackoby) Eggs.Indian J. Weed Sci. 32(3&4):206-207.
Oudhia, P. (2000). Traditional medicinal knowledge about green leaf hopper, Nephotettix spp. in Chhattisgarh (India). International Rice Research Notes.25 (3):40
Oudhia, P. (2000). Common housefly Musca nebulo Wiedemann (Diptera: Muscidae) as medicinal insect in Chattisgarh. Insect Environment. 6(1):36-37.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Pod borer Helicoverpa armigera in Chhattisgarh, India. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter.8:14-15.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Medicinal insects of Kharif crops and weeds of Chattisgarh (India). VII National Science Conference, Bharitya Krishi Anusandhan Samitee, Directorate of Cropping System Research, Meerut, India, 12-14 April.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Record of Aphis craccivora Koch.(Hemiptera: Aphididae) on medicinal crop Mucuna pruriens L. in Chhattigarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):24.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Bed Bug Cimex lectularius L.(Hemiptera: Cimicidae) in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment. 7(1):23.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Phyllotreta crucifera Goeze: A new pest of medicinal crop Lepidium sativum L. in Chhattisgarh (India).In: Souvenir cum Abstracts. National Research Seminar on Herbal Conservation, Cultivation, Marketing and Utilization with Special Emphasis on Chhattisgarh, ‘The Herbal State’. Srishti Herbal Academy and Research Institute (SHARI) and Chhattisgarh Minor Forest Produce (Trading & Dev.) Co-operative Fedration Ltd., Raipur (India), 13-14 December, 2001. p.74.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about common insects and mites in India. Eco. Env and Consv. 8(4):339-340.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Red Ant Oecophylla smaragdina (Fab.) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Chattisgarh, India. Insect Environment.8(3):114-115.
Oudhia, P. (2002). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Fireflies, Photuris sp.(Coleoptera : Lampyridae)in Chhattisgarh (India). Insect Environment, Vol.8 (1):25
Oudhia, P. (2005). Traditional Knowledge about medicinal insects and mites in Chhattisgarh, India: An overview. International Conference on “Promotion and Development of Botanicals with International Coordination: Exploring quality, safety, efficacy and regulations”. February 25- 26, 2005 Supported by: Drug Information Association, USA Secretariat: School of Natural Product Studies Jadavpur university, Kolkata 700032.)
Costa-Neto, E. M. (2005). Entomotherapy, or the medicinal use of insects.Journal of Ethnobiology, 25(1), 93-114.
Senthilkumar, N., Barthakur, N. D., & Rao, M. L. (2008). Bioprospecting with Reference to Medicinal Insects and Tribes in India: an Overview. Indian Forester, 134(12), 1575-1591.
Kumari, B., & Kumar, S. (2009). An insight into the ethnozoology of Panch Pargana area of Jharkand, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 1(8), 441-443.
Dossey, A. T. (2010). Insects and their chemical weaponry: New potential for drug discovery. Natural product reports, 27(12), 1737-1757.
Horgan, F. G., & Crisol, E. (2013). Hybrid rice and insect herbivores in Asia.Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 148(1), 1-19.

Citation

Oudhia, Pankaj (2014). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Sonpatha Ke Illi Hyblaea puera (Cramer) [Hyblaeidae: Lepidoptera] in Chhattisgarh, India : Updated Version. pankajoudhia.com